hmong

Hmong Pork Sausage

Hmong Pork Sausage, Asian Sausage

It's been a fun journey making hmong sausages over the past year.  Prices have really peaked here where I usually buy hmong pork sausage. Now it's about $10 for a 2 pound pack.  So I opted on my quest to make my own home made Hmong style pork sausage.  I am happy to share with you what has worked for me and that I've received great feedback on my sausages.  The recipe below will make about 10 pounds of pork sausage.  They keep very well in the freezer, so you can keep them there for months and they will still taste great!

I also have another recipe for an herb infused hmong pork sausage. I will make a video of that one another day.  For now, the one below is for the spicy hmong pork sausage.  If you don't like spicy, omit the thai chilies.

Ingredients:

  • 5 pounds pork belly grounded up
  • 5 pounds ground pork
  • 1/4 cup thai chilis minced
  • 1 cup red onion minced
  • 1 cup green onion minced
  • 1 cup ginger minced
  • 1 cup lemon grass finely minced
  • 1/4 cup lime leaf minced
  • 1/4 cup chili sauce in peanut oil
  • 1/4 cup tapioca starch
  • 1/2 cup glutinous rice flour
  • 1/2 cup sodium nitrate (seasoning salt meat tenderizer)
  • 1 tbsp MSG (optional)
  • 1 tbsp salt
  • 1/2 cup fish sauce (three crabs brand)
  • 1 cup water
  • 1/4 cup sugar
  • hog casings
     
  1. Remove the hog casings and let sit in cold water for 30 minutes.
  2. Rinse each hog casing with cold water until the salt is removed. May need to repeat several times.  Set aside.
  3. Mix the water, chili sauce, and thai chilies in a small bowl.
  4. In a large bowl, mix all the ingredients together and pour the sauce in step 2 into the mixture.
  5. Stuff the sausage in the hog casings.  You can use various methods to stuff your sausage.  In my video below, I will demonstrate to how stuff sausage using a sausage stuffer I bought from Gander Mountain.

Tips and Advice

  • Get a good quality sausage stuffer if you are going to make a lot of sausage.  Doing it manually takes too long.
  • I bought a Kitchenaid sausage stuffer attachment for under $20 but it took too long and my arms got sore pushing the meat into the stuffer.
  • I tried doing it manually with a milk jug and 2 liter bottle. Too long.
  • Do not overstuff the sausage, leave it loose so that the meat can expand and cook.  If your sausage explodes, it means it was too packed too tight.
  • If your sausage comes out too salty, it usually means you left a lot of salt in the hog casings and didn't rinse all the salt out.
  • Sodium Nitrate is the same thing as the Morton Tender Quick salt. You can find this at most grocery stores.
  • MSG is optional. It's a meat flavor enhancer, if you don't like it don't use it.
  • Don't skimp on the chili sauce in peanut oil. This gives the sausage that nice flavor and color.

 

 

Asian Pork Sausage, Hmong Sausage, Lao Sausage

Hmong Newborn

hmong newborn, hmong baby, hmong babies

I just absolutelylove this picture I took of Baby Peyton! This is my friend Kaying's son at 7 days old. He is such a darling and cutie! I hope to take more pictures of this little guy soon. It was a pleasure taking pictures of him! 

I really love the colors of the Hmong Nyias ... it's so vibrant and colorful. For those of you who don't know what this is, it's what Hmong women use to carry their babies on their backs. Kind of like those baby slings you see today but this has straps you tie around your body. It's been used for centuries. Passed down from mother to daughter when a baby is born.

Green Papaya Salad

I love eating green papaya salad especially in the summer! It is light and refreshing.  It's a little sweet, sour, and spicy! You can make it with a few key ingredients!  This is a recipe that I created through experimentation and trial/error.  Hope you like it. This is a very popular salad that Hmong people love to eat especially at Hmong soccer tournaments and Hmong New Year celebrations.  Green papaya salad originated from Laos/Thailand. 

Green Papaya Salad Recipe Ingredients:

  • 2 cups shredded green papaya
  • 1 clove garlic
  • 3 thai chili pepper (add more or less pepper to suit your taste)
  • 1 tsp shrimp paste
  • 1/4 tsp crab paste
  • 2 tbsp salted crab
  • 2 tbsp palm sugar crushed + 1 tbsp water (melt for 30 seconds in a microwave)
  • 1 tbsp fish sauce (three crabs brand)
  • 1/4 cup tamarind paste water
  • 1/2 lime (this also equals about 1 tbsp, add more lime if you like it more sour)
  • 1 1/2 tbsp crushed peanuts
  • 5-7 cherry tomatoes sliced

Preparation

  • Peel the green skin off the papaya with a peeler. Use the asian shredding peeler to get thin shreds. Or if you don't have one, chop the papaya all around and then use a knife to slice it into strips (doing it the old fashioned way makes the salad crisp).
  • Melt the crushed palm sugar with 1 tbsp water in a microwave for 30 seconds
  • To make the tamarind paste water, take a block of tamarind and add equal amount of hot water.  Let is soak for about 10-15 minutes and then squeeze out the juice.  You can use it just like this or put it through a sieve to remove the seeds.

Putting it all together

  1. In a mortar, smash/grind the thai chili pepper.
  2. Add the garlic clove and smash.
  3. Add the shrimp paste, crab paste. Mix.
  4. Add the salted crab and smash lightly to remove the juices from the crab.
  5. Add the fish sauce, sugar syrup, tamarind paste water. Mix.
  6. Add the tomatoes and smash lightly to bruise the tomatoes.
  7. Put the shredded green papaya in a large bowl.
  8. Add the sauce and crushed peanuts to the papaya and toss to coat the papaya.
  9. Serve

Adjust the ingredient measurements to suit your taste! 

Kicking it up a notch:

  • Add some long green beans
  • Add some shredded carrots
  • Add some dry small shrimp
  • Add some khaub poob noodles
  • Eat it with some pork rinds
  • Add padek (mud fish) to give it a pungent kick
  • Anything you like!!!!!

You can buy the ingredients at most asian grocery stores.  Just ask the clerk to help you find them.

Leave me a comment if you try this recipe!

 

How to make chinese steamed pork buns

This is a simple recipe that you can make at home.

Dough Ingredients:

  • 2 and 1/2 cup all purpose flour
  • 3/4 cup warm water
  • 1 and 1/2 tsp yeast
  • 2 tbsp grapeseed oil or you can substitute it with canola oil
  • 3 tbsp instant dry milk powder
  • 4 tbsp sugar
  • 2 tsp baking powder

Filling ingredients:

  • 1/2 pound ground pork (or meat of your choice)
  • 1/2 cup cabbage (chopped)
  • 1/2 cup green onion (chopped)
  • 1 tbsp hoisin sauce
  • 1/2 tsp salt
  • 1 egg
  • 1 slice tofu (optional, but I suggest you use it because it makes the pork moist)
  • 1 chinese sausage (optional, sliced into small pieces)
  • hard boiled eggs (optional)
     

Making the dough

  1. Combine the yeast with the warm water, set aside.
  2. Combine all the dry dough ingredients together in a food processor. Blend for 30 seconds.
  3. Mix the oil with the yeast and water mixture.
  4. Open the food processor and pour the liquid into the dry ingredients. Process for 2 minutes.
  5. Remove the dough and let rise in a warm place for 1 hour or until double in size.

Making the filling

  1. Mix all the ingredients together with your hands.

Putting it together

  1. Divide the dough into 16 pieces (or make bigger buns -  your choice, you just get less buns)
  2. Roll out with rolling pin into 6 inch diameter
  3. Add 1 tbsp meat mixture.
  4. Fold ends of dough into each other like you are building stairs with them. (watch my video)
  5. Place onto cut up squares of parchment paper.
  6. Steam for 12 - 15 minutes depending on the size of the bun.

 

How to make steamed rice cake banh bo

steamed rice cake, banh bo


 

This is a delicious Vietnamese dessert called steamed rice cakes also known as banh bo.  When I was little, my grandma used to make this for me (minus the coconut milk). There is a chinese version to this cake that doesn't use coconut milk. In hmong we call this "ncuav sawv".

Many years ago when I tried to learn how to make this dessert, I failed miserably 13 times.  On my 14th attempt, I finally got the beautiful honeycombs in my steamed rice cake. Oh boy, what a journey that was!  The key to this recipe is PATIENCE!!!! Do not rush anything otherwise, you'll end up with a flat and unflattering cake.  I also found that the secret to nice honeycombs is also in the preparation of the first step. It is critical that you have a good solid container.

Update!
If you use instant yeast, you only need to allow the batter to rise for about 1 hour, then add the coconut/water/sugar mixture and let rest 20 minutes and then you can steam it. No need to wait 5-10 hours.

Ingredients:

  • 1 - 16 oz bag rice flour
  • 2 cups lukewarm water
  • 1 tbsp sugar
  • 1 package yeast or 2 1/4 tsp yeast
  • 1 - 13 oz can coconut milk (the cooking kind is preferred, do not use dessert coconut milk)
  • 1 3/4 cup sugar (adjust sugar to your liking)
  • 1 cup water
  • gallon ice cream bucket or other airtight container

Step 1

  1. Add 2 cups warm water, yeast, and 1 tbsp sugar to an ice cream bucket. Mix.
  2. Add rice flour and mix.
  3. Close lid, set aside for 5 - 10 hours (or overnight).  The batter will rise and fall.  The longer you keep it in the container, the stronger the flavor. 

Step 2

  1. In a small pot, add 1 cup water, coconut milk, and the sugar. Heat on medium until sugar is dissolved. Do not boil.
  2. Set aside for 10-15 minutes until cool.

Mixing it all together

  1. Using a whisk, stir the batter to loosen it from the ice cream bucket.
  2. Add the syrup from step 2 to the batter. Mix.  It will become the consistency like milk.
  3. Close lid.
  4. Set aside for 1 hour.

After 1 hour

  1. Open lid and you will see tiny air bubbles form.
  2. If you want to make multiple colors, separate the mixture into equal parts. Add food coloring of your choice. Skip this step if you don't want color.
  3. Heat a steamer to boiling and place a metal pie pan.  Make sure the metal pie pan is hot before you pour in the mixture.
  4. Steam on high for about 15-20 minutes.
  5. When the rice cake is done, the top surface should be solid.
  6. Remove from steamer and place into a freezer for about 10-15 minutes until cool.
  7. Transfer onto plate and cut. Serve

I hope you try this recipe and let me know how it turns out for you!

Variations!

  • Steam in tart molds
  • Cut up the bottom of soda cans and use as a mold.  It has a unique shape!
  • Steam in small round molds or dishes

How to make sweet pork with eggs

sweet pork hmong

sweet pork hmong  sweet pork hmong

Sweet pork is a very popular dish at Hmong family gatherings.  This is a popular dish in Asian countries such as China, Vietnam, and the Phillippines.  I will show you how I make my version of sweet pork.  It's very simple and easy! We call this in Hmong nqaj qaab zib or nqaij qab zib

I'll be very straight forward and honest, no one was willing to teach me this recipe.  Everytime I asked someone to show me how they made this dish, they would tell me it was very hard and complicated or they would tell me only half of the recipe.  So for many years, I experimented and tried different ways. I felt really bad asking for other people's recipes because some people don't want to give it away.  That's okay, I respect that.  So I went on my own food journey and tried making sweet pork.  I failed miserably many, many times.  The first time I made it, I put too much sugar and it came out like candied bacon. Hahaha!  The second time I  made it, it was way too salty.  The third time I made it, it tasted great but had no caramel color, it looked like boiled pork only.  As the story goes, many pounds of pork belly, sugar, and soy sauce later .... I finally resulted in this recipe which I use whenever I get a sweet pork craving.  Haha, do let me know what you think and if you have any suggestions how you make it. I'm very interested to know how you make your sweet pork recipe!

Sweet Pork Ingredients:

  • 4 cups pork belly, sliced
  • 7 eggs
  • 1/2 cup soy sauce
  • 1 tbsp oyster sauce
  • 3-5 pieces of star anise
  • 1 tbsp garlic, chopped
  • 1 thumb ginger, sliced thin
  • 1/2 cup brown sugar, packed tight
  • water, lots of it
  • 1 tbsp oil
  • additional soy sauce for browning eggs
     
  1. Marinate the pork belly in soy sauce and oyster sauce. Set aside.
  2. Boil the eggs. Then remove the eggshell when done.
  3. In a large pot, add oil.  Add the garlic and ginger. Stir until brown.  Add the brown sugar.
  4. When the sugar is melted, add the pork belly marinade including juices and all.
  5. Stir for a few minutes until the pork gets slightly white.  Then add 4 cups water or more  until the pork is all covered.
  6. Cook for 1 hour or more.  For more tender pork, keep adding water and cook 2 hrs or longer.  You can add the star anise at any time.
  7. The water will evaporate.  When it reaches the thickness you like, remove from heat and serve.

Remember, you can always adjust the taste by adding water, increasing or decreasing the amount of sugar or soy sauce!

I hope you enjoy this recipe. Please leave me a comment if you try it or have any questions!

My latest iOS Application Hmong Phrases

hmong phraseshmong phrases

Hi everyone! I am extremely excited to announce my latest iOS application release called "Hmong Phrases."  This is a very simple application to teach non-Hmong speakers how to say simple conversational phrases in Hmong. You can click a button and play the sound.  Then you can practice how to say it.  The next time you meet a Hmong person, you can surprise and amaze them with the new language skills you just learned! 

http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/hmongphrases/id479437001?mt=8

History
I decided to make this application because I wanted to teach my Hmong language to other non-native Hmong speakers.  There's been many times I have had friends ask me, "How do you say that in Hmong?"  and I would translate.  So I got this idea to make a very basic and simple to use conversation starter.  I thought it would be helpful to those who want to learn Hmong but didn't know where to start.  Apple makes a very nice iOS platform for developers to get as creative as they want.  Being that there was no app like this in the App Store, I decided to develop and make my mark.  I wanted to connect people to people.  And this is what my app's purpose is.

The real passion behind his project is one that I made for my own personal goals.  I can proudly say that I have achieved something I believed in.  It may not be big, grand, or spectacular, but I made a mark. It doesn't matter if I am the first, the last, the best or the worst.  What matters is the love and passion that went into spending many hours of my evenings and weekends on a project that I believed in.  My sister, Song Vang, help me with the UI designs and my dad helped me translate the phrases.  I put the project and the Objective-C code together.  To me, this is a memorable project because I got to build it with my family.  Even thought they lived 400 miles away from me, I always felt they were close by because we got to collaborate and work together in spirit.  Without their help, I couldn't have done this alone.  Thank you sis, thank you dad!

My dad is the reason why I love technology so much.  Even when we were very young, my dad's love for electronics and computers influenced me as a young girl and even now as a grown woman. You would not think that a young Hmong man from Laos would come to the US, who not even knowing the english language, would fall in love with computers and technology. Well, that was my dad. Long before the internet ever existed, my dad was always a futuristic thinker. He knew something I didn't.  He knew that people needed each other and they will go to any lengths to find one another.  This is true.  No matter how you slice and dice it, we know this is truth.

Being Hmong, means being part of a family.  Our culture and traditions have always included the presence of others.  The way that we have evolved over the past few centuries is amazing and it is also such a very sad story that I will tell another day.  I just wanted to share who I am with you.

Who would have thought that a little hmong girl from Iowa would grow up and learn to love computers, programming, technology, mobile phones, and have so much fun making Hmong food tutorials on Youtube? Hahaha.... I am having a good time and will keep on rocking it!

Kind regards,
Annie
 

How to make Hmong Eggrolls

Hmong eggrolls are fun to eat any time of year!  Here is a very basic recipe.  Experiment with other ingredients and add whatever you like to suit your taste!

Ingredients:

  • 1 lb or 2 lb ground meat of your choice (pork, chicken, turkey, beef)
  • 2 cup shredded cabbage
  • 2 cup shredded carrots
  • 2 cup chopped onion
  • 2 tbsp oyster sauce
  • 2 tbsp salt
  • 1 package rice vermicelli cellophane noodles
  • 3 eggs
  • 1 egg yolk for sealing the wrapper
  • 50 sheets eggroll skins
     
  1. Add hot water to rice vermicelli cellophane noodles and let soak 5-10 minutes until soft.  Then take scissors and cut up the noodles.
  2. Mix meat, cabbage, carrots, onion, oyster sauce, salt, noodles, eggs until well combined.
  3. Peel the eggroll skins.
  4. Place eggroll skin on a flat surface. Add the eggroll mixture and roll up. Seal the ends with egg yolk.
  5. Fry in hot oil until golden brown.

Eat with some sweet chili eggroll sauce!

 

How to make Khaub Poob

How I make khaub poob recipe, the hmong way.  Name variations are: kao poon, kapoon, kao pun, kao pong, etc ...

Ingredients:

  • 12 cups cold water
  • 1 whole chicken
  • 2 cup bamboo shoots
  • 1 red bell pepper, skin off and chopped
  • 1/2 cup garlic
  • 1/2 cup Red curry paste
  • 1/2 cup Namya curry paste
  • 1 or 2 cans coconut milk
  • 2 cubes chicken bouillon
  • 2 cabbage leaves (optional)
  • Rice noodles
  • 2 tsp salt

Garnishes:

  • shredded cabbage
  • fish sauce
  • shredded banana leaf
  • green onion
  • cilantro
  • basil .. whatever you like
     

 

How to make Hmong Jello

Making Hmong jello is very easy.  It is great for all occasions.  All you need are a few ingredients! Let's get started.

Hmong Jello Ingredients:

Version 1

  • 1 cup of Knox Unflavored Gelatine (if you can find the 16 oz can it will save you lots of $$)
  • 1 can of coconut milk (13 oz can)
  • 5 cups of hot water
  • 1 and 1/2 cup of sugar
  • add small amount of salt (optional)
  • add drops of smell flavoring (cov tsw tsw qaab rau nabvam) OPTIONAL
     
  1. Add sugar to a large bowl.
  2. Measure out 5 cups of boiling water to a big bowl. (becareful cos it's hot!)
  3. Then add the water to dissolve the sugar.
  4. Add coconut milk and stir.
  5. Lastly, add the Knox unflavored gelatine. 
  6. Divide the mixture into three equal parts. 
  7. Add food coloring as you wish. 
  8. In a large pan, pour one color mixture and place in the refrigerator until firm (usually 15 minutes, depends on the temperature of your fridge). 
  9. When the layer is firm, add another layer.
  10. Once it's all solid, cut it up into smaller pieces!

 

VERSION 2 - this one tastes creamier!

5 cups water
1 and 1/2 cups sugar
3/4 cup unflavored gelatin
1 can of coconut milk (13 oz)
5 egg yolks
pinch of salt
Food coloring of your choice

Mix the water, coconut milk, and sugar in a bowl and heat over medium heat. Add a pinch of salt, optional.
When little bubbles start to form on the surface, add the egg yolks and stir immediately. Do not let it boil or else you will have scrambled eggs.
Sprinkle the gelatin carefully and stir so it does not get lumpy.
Remove and separate into 3 equal parts.
Add food coloring as you wish.
Pour one color in a pan and chill in the freezer or fridge until solid.
Pour next color when the layer is solid enough to hold another layer.
Continue until all colors are done.
Cut and serve!

To make egg shell mold, crack the narrow end of the egg with a toothpick or knife. Carefully remove a dime size hole. Pour out the egg whites, then the egg yolk will come out last. You can use the egg yolks for this recipe or save for another time. Rinse the egg shell in water. Place upside down back in the egg carton so the water drips out.  If you are concerned about using real eggs, I suggest you can buy egg molds online or at the store.  They make jello molds for eggs.

To fill the egg shells, use a plastic bag and pour it carefully into the shells. OR put the liquid into an empty plastic squeeze bottle and pour into the egg shell.

Where to find the large can of unflavored gelatin?
I bought a 16 oz can of Knox Unflavored gelatin at a large American grocery supermarket. Here in Madison, WI I bought it at Woodman's.  If you cannot find the 16 oz can, you can buy the individual unflavored gelatin packages at any supermarket.  It is cheaper to get the 16 oz can if you plan to make a lot of jello! You can make a few batches with the 16 oz can!

Where to find the powder food coloring like the one in the video?
I bought the Swad food coloring at my local asian grocery store.  If you cannot find powder food coloring, you can use liquid food coloring too.  Powder form just makes the colors brighter but any coloring would work. 

 

I hope you enjoy this recipe.  Try it with different colors and see how it turns out!  Please subscribe to my youtube channel for more updates and new videos!

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